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Types of UK Visa – Information you Need to Know

What is a UK Visa?

A UK visa is the authorizing document that gives worldwide citizens the right to enter, stay temporarily or live forever in the territory of the UK.

A visa is usually either a stamp you receive in your passport or a document given by a UK consulate or embassy in your country of residence.

If you are issued a visa, it means that you are eligible to enter the UK and that you meet the requirements of the particular visa that you have been given.

There are different reasons why people want to apply for a UK visa, such as:

  • To work and to do business
  • To study
  • For short stays and tourism
  • To join family members who are already in the UK
  • To transit through the UK to another country
  • To live permanently
  • As a refugee or as someone who needs humanitarian protection
  • As a stateless person
  • As someone who needs permission to stay

Who Needs a UK Visa?

Citizens of the European Economic Area, Switzerland and Commonwealth countries are not required to apply a UK visa prior to entering the UK.

For a complete list of countries whose citizens need a visa for UK visit this page.

How to Apply for a UK Visa?

The UK visa application process depends a lot on the type of visa that you are applying for.

Especially if your type of visa belongs to one of the Points-Based System category.

Though most of the requirements are the same for each category, the way they are evaluated in the system differs.

There are also additional requirements that vary from one to another category.

What are the Required Documents for UK Visa?

There are some standard UK visa requirements to apply for any that every applicant must fulfill.

These requirements vary on the visa type and the nationality of the applicant.

You may be required to submit the following documents for every UK visa application:

  • Filled application form.
  • Recent photographs
  • A valid passport.
  • Detailed travel itinerary.
  • Document showing the payment of the UK visa application fees.
  • Bio-metric information. This is needed only if applying for a visa for a longer period than six months. As a part of the application, fingerprints and photographs must be offered at the appropriate application center.

However, you may be required to submit additional documents and you can visit our article on the UK visa requirements to learn more details.

What is the Points-Based System (PBS)?

The Point-Based System (PBS) of the United Kingdom Visa is the means of regulating immigration to the United Kingdom from outside the country, as a replacement of the old system one who was much more complex and hard to be covered.

The PBS system evaluates visa candidates based on the points they can gather by meeting visa requirements.

Each visa requirement has its points, and there is an appointed number of points the candidate should gather in order to receive the visa.

UK Visa Types

There are different reasons why people want to apply for a UK visa.

That is why the United Kingdom has an organized visa system based on the purpose of visitor under multiple visa types.

Here are the UK visa types:

  • Work Visas
  • Business Visas
  • Study Visas
  • Visitor Visas
  • Family Visas
  • Settlement Visas
  • Transit Visas
  • Refugee Visa

 

Purpose

Besides of its strict rules, not allowing to get a job many of the visa holders, the UK also offers Working Visas especially for high-end professionals from other countries who wish to work and live in the UK for shorter or longer periods.

Categories

  • Highly qualified foreigners:
    • Tier 1 (Exceptional Talent) Visa
  • Skilled foreign workers with a job offer in a shortage area
    • Tier 2 (General) Visa
    • Tier 2 (Intra-company Transfer) Visa
    • Tier 2 (Sportsperson) Visa
    • Tier 2 (Minister of Religion) Visa
  • Youth mobility and temporary foreign workers
    • Tier 5 (Temporary Worker) Visa
    • Tier 5 (Youth Mobility Scheme) Visa
  • Other:
    • Croatian National Registration Certificate
    • Domestic Workers in a Private Household Visa
    • Exempt Vignette Visa
    • Turkish Worker Visa

The UK Business Visa types are the following:

  • Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa
  • Tier 1 Graduate Entrepreneur Visa
  • Tier 1 Investor Visa
  • Turkish Businessperson Visa

UK Residence Permits

The UK Settlement permit also known as Indefinite Leave to Remain, is for those who have been living  in the UK for a long period with a temporary visa, and now want to receive a permanent one.

The visa applies to people who have lived out of the UK at least 2 years and now want to return, or their passport was lost.

Foreigners who already live in the UK with e refugee or humanitarian status and want to settle there permanently or for family reunion.

Most of these visas condition the applicant to have lived minimum 5 years in the United Kingdom.

What a UK Visa holder must know?

Despite the fact that a foreigner might be having a visa, they might be subject to Immigration Control (examination) anytime crossing the UK border.

There can also be cases when the visa might be cancelled at the borders.

Any form of overstaying, or violating visa conditions, while being in the UK or out, is considered an act of offense.

Visas offer the needed answers on:

  • Who to admit to enter into the UK and why,
  • Who to allow living temporarily or permanently in the UK and why,
  • Who meets the criteria and who to stop from entering into the UK,
  • Who needs to exit the UK, when the visa expires or for other reasons

Visas sometimes can forbid the holder doing several activities such as:

  • Getting a job of other professional activity in the UK,
  • Using public funds;
  • Staying in the UK without registering with the police (without getting police registration certificate);
  • Study in the UK;
  • Commanding holder to report to the specific Medical Officer of Environmental Health

Such restrictions can be made known to the holder in the following ways: 

  • Attached in the passport/travel document;
  • In a written notification;
  • In the visa;
  • In the visa application form;

Travelling abroad as a UK visa holder

Holders of UK visas are allowed to travel abroad while in the UK.

However, there may be extra requirements they must fulfill depending on their nationality and purpose of travel.

Travelling to Europe

To visit other European countries, you may have to apply for a Schengen visa from the UK which allows you to travel for tourism or business purposes for a maximum of 90 days.

You can apply for a visa from the UK even if you are not a British citizen.

Although the procedures to apply it are almost the same for all applicants you must familiarize yourself with the specifics if you are applying from the UK.

Travelling to USA

To travel to the USA, you might be required to apply for a US visa in the UK, depending on your nationality.

If you are a citizen of a country in the Visa Waiver Program, you are not required to apply for a visa, but you will have to apply for ESTA instead.

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